First of all what is Ogham ?
Well the Ogham is know to be the Celtic Tree alphabet, but you can also use the sigils and the trees for magical purposes and you can create you own Ogham staves for divination.
The Ogham has twenty letters, also called the Feda, that are associated with a tree or plant, later on, five more letters were added to the system, which is know as the Forfeda.
The letters are divided into four groups, the aicme (tribe, family) of five letters each.
When you start to research about the Ogham you will come across a few difficulties, for example it is not always really clear which trees or plants are meant.
However I won't go into the history of Ogham, there are great books and also some online resources where you can do your own research, if you choose to do so.
My priorities for the blog posts here, and also for my videos, will be the lore and legends about each tree, the magical use of the Ogham and also how to use it as a divination system.
Over the next months, I want to discover with you each tree, I want to write, and talk, about the Celtic lore, the magical uses of the trees, how you can work with its essence and of course also about the divination system.
Above you can find an introduction video, where I also explain how you can make your own staves and how you can make contact with the trees.
The next video I show you below, is a guided meditation to connect with your tree spirit ally
You can find my whole Video playlist for the Ogham here :
Here is a very brief introduction of the Feda, but of course there will be much more information provided when I talk about each tree. Click on the tree to get more information.
I will add the Forfeda at a later point.
Beith - Birch : 24th December - 20th January
Class : Peasant
Purification, New Beginnings, Bringer of Hope, Channeler of Emotion,Protection.
Rowan - Luis: 21st January- 17th February
Healing, Success and Power, Protection against control by others, and Psychic Intuition.
Alder- Fearn: 18th March- 14th April
Protection, giver of courage, easer of fear and doubt, Help in making choices
Willow-Saille: 15th April - 12th May
Class : Peasant
Healing, Helper in grief and death, inspiration, fertility, protection, love
Ash - Nuin: 18th February - 17th March
Protection, Health, Courage, Matters of the sea
Hawthorn - Huathe: 13th May - 9th June
Fertility, Protection, Caution, Relaxation, Happiness, Chastity
Oak- Duir: 10th June - 7th July
Class : Chieftain
Protection, Health, Inner Strength, Luck, Money, Healing, Potency
Holly - Tinne: 8th July - 4th August
Protection, Luck, Psychic enhancement
Hazel- Coll : 5th August- 1st September
Class : Chieftain
Granting Wisdom and Inspiration, Wishes, Luck, Protection, Fertility, Divination of hidden things
Apple - Quert: Samhain, Ruler of the light side of the year ( 2nd May - 31st October)
Healing, Protection, rejuvenation, Love, Immortality
Blackberry, Bramble or Vine- Muin: 2nd September - 29th September
Healing, Protection, Abundance, Wealth
Ivy - Gort: 30th September - 27th October
Friendship, Healing Protection, Steadfastness
Broom, Reed, Fern - Ngetal: 28th October- 24th November
Protection, Fertility, Responsibility
Blackthorn - Straif: Samhain, Ruler of the dark half of the year ( 31st October - 1st May)
Class : Chieftain
Banishing negativity, Protection, Purification, overcoming adversity, raising awareness and energy
Elder- Ruis: 25th November - 22nd December
Class : Shrub
Protection, Healing, Wisdom, Prosperity, Blessings, Sleep
Scots Pine, Silver Fir - Ailm : Yule 21st December- 22nd December
Healing, Protection, pointing the way, fertility, purification
Gorse - Onn: around 21st March, Spring Equinox
Life force, creativity, vitality, protection, boundaries
Heather- Ur: Summer Solstice
Sexuality, wipes away the past, fertility, natural rhythm
Aspen, Poplar- Eadha: Autumn Equinox
Shielding from fears, protection from theft, communication with the divine, endurance, wealth and prosperity
Yew- Ioho : Yule 21st December
Protection from negative spirits, Longevity, Wisdom, reincarnation, work with ancestors
Erynn Rowan Laurie describes the Forfeda as following:
"Some ogam students find that using the forfeda enriches their experience with the ogam. Many of them would never dream of doing an ogam reading without them. Others find them problematic at best. These additional letters are not found in any of the stone inscriptions, and were only rarely used in the manuscripts. While they were added one at a time at a much later date than the original ogam letters were developed, they were certainly a part of the medieval ogam tradition and are a legitimate part of the system. "
I think she puts that beautifully and I will leave you with this quote for now before we will explore the Forfeda on a deeper level.
Ehbhadh -Aspen/Poplar or Koad - Grove
Letter : Ea
Resolution of conflict, the great web, peace
Letter : Oi
Commitment, discipline, inner peace
Letter : Ia
Divine influences, sweetness of life
Eamhancholl - Twin of Hazel or Phagos - Beech (also often seen as Mor the Sea)
Letter : Ae
Wisdom and understanding, ancient knowledge
Journey, travel, hidden depths
Here you can find some layouts or spreads to read the Ogham, and also my own Ogham Reading